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Alcohol Addiction : Symptoms , Causes and Treatment

Alcohol addiction, also known as alcohol disorder and other terms, is referred to as alcohol use disorder. It happens when individuals consume so much alcohol that they eventually become dependent on or addicted to it. When this happens, alcohol becomes the most vital thing in their life. People like these continue consuming alcohol even though it affects their life negatively, such as losing a job or destroying relationships with their loved ones.

Alcohol addiction can show itself in various ways.

The severity of this disorder is how frequently someone drinks, and the alcohol they consume varies from person to person. Some people tend to drink heavily all day; whole other binge drink and then stay sober for a while.

Regardless of how alcohol addiction looks, someone with alcohol addiction relies on drinking and cannot stay sober for an extended period.


What causes alcohol addiction?

Alcohol addiction causes are still unknown; alcohol disorder develops when you drink so much that you’re the brain chemicals in the brain begin to change. These changes increase the euphoria you get when you consume alcohol. This effect will make you want to drink more often, even if it harmful for you.


As time passes, the pleasurable feelings caused by alcohol will begin to fade away, and the person who is now addicted to it will consume alcohol to prevent the alcohol withdrawal effect. These withdrawal symptoms are pretty dangerous.


What is the alcohol addiction symptom?


Alcohol disorder can be hard to recognize. Unlike heroin or cocaine, alcohol is widely accessible and accepted in various cultures. It is usually at the centre of social gatherings and closely linked to enjoyment and celebration.

Drinking is a part of numerous people’s lives. When it is common in society, it can be difficult to tell the difference between someone who likes to have few drinks now and then and someone actually going through alcohol addiction.


Below are the common alcohol addiction symptoms:

  • High tolerance for alcohol
  • Changes in friendships; someone with an alcohol disorder will choose friends who also drink like them.
  • Hiding alcohol or while drinking
  • Dependence on alcohol to function in daily life
  • Wanting to be where alcohol is available and avoiding scenarios when there is none.
  • Drinking at wrong places or time, such as soon as you wake up, or in places like work or church
  • Depression or other emotional issues
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As an addiction tends to get more severe, it is crucial to look for initial warnings.

If your family member or friend member is suffering from alcohol addiction, the best way is to approach them positively. Do not make them guilty because it can take them away and make them resistant to your help.


What disease may happen due to alcohol addiction?

Alcohol addiction can cause heart and liver disease. Both are fatal. Other health conditions alcohol can cause are:

  • Sexual problems (ED)
  • Congenital disabilities
  • Suppressed immune function
  • Bone loss
  • Diabetes
  • Ulcers
  • Vision problems


Someone with an alcohol addiction takes risky measures while consuming alcohol; they can also put others at risk. According to CDC, drunk driving, for instance, takes 28 lives daily in the United States. Drinking is also linked with an increased incidence of homicide and suicide.

Because of these health factors, it is imperative to treat alcohol addiction as soon as possible. All risks that come with alcohol addiction may be avoidable or treatable, with successful long-term recovery.

The short-term effects of alcohol abuse are just as dangerous as long-term effects. For example, drinking can alter your reaction time, causing the person to have slow reflexes and coordination. For this reason, drinking and driving are extremely dangerous. Taking a wheel of a car can affect your perception of speed and distance, putting yourself and others’ lives at risk.

How to prevent alcohol use addiction?


You can prevent alcohol disorder by limiting the alcohol intake; the national institute on alcohol abuse and alcoholism states, women should not drink more than one drink per day, and men should not have more than two drinks in a twenty-four hours period.


Consult with a doctor if you begin to engage in behaviours that are symptoms of alcohol abuse or if you think that you may have a problem with alcohol. Consider attending a local AA meeting or participating in a self-help program such as women for sobriety.


What are the treatment options for alcohol addiction?


Treating alcohol addiction can be complicated and challenging. For treating alcohol disorder, the person with an alcohol addiction must want to get sober. You cannot prevent them from drinking forcefully if they are not willing to give up on alcohol. The treatment success heavily depends on the person’s desire to get better.


The process for alcohol addiction is a lifetime commitment, there are no quick fixes, and it involves daily care. For this reason, people say alcohol addiction cannot be cured. Some of the options for treating the disorders are:

  • Rehab

One of the beginning options for someone with an alcohol drinking problem is an outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation program. An inpatient program can last anywhere from a month to a year. It can help someone handle withdrawal effects and emotional challenges. Outpatient treatment offers daily support while giving the person authorized to live at home.

  • Detoxification

Another option for treating alcohol addiction recovery is detoxification. This phase should be administered with the assistance of a medical professional due to the potential for severe, uncomfortable withdrawal effects. They often provide a medication like Esperal 250mg to help alleviate the painful side effects of a withdrawal effect.

  • Maintenance

The recovery procedure does not end with the completion of rehab. Long-term sobriety requires ongoing therapy and may entail support groups, counselling, and other recovery resources. These will ensure you maintain sobriety and continue on a happy, healthy path for months and years to arrive.

What’s the outlook for alcohol addiction?

Recovering from alcohol disorder is difficult. The outlook will depend on the ability to stop drinking. Many people who seek treatment can overcome the addiction. A solid supporting system helps make a complete recovery.


A strong will power is needed to get out of the addiction. Take the support of professionals and experts along with your will to regain control over life. It is easy, but first step is difficult.

Also read :- You Could Use Supplements To Treat Menopausal Mood Swings

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