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What is Internet of things and How does it work?

The Internet of Things refers to the millions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet.

What is the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things refers to the millions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet. Thanks to the coming of affordable computer chips and the pervasiveness of wireless systems, it’s possible to turn anything, from something as little as a pill to something as large as a plane, into a part of the IoT.

Connecting up all these several parts and adding sensors to them sums a level of digital intelligence to devices that would enable them to deliver real-time data without involving a human. The Internet of Things is making the fabric of the world around us smarter and more responsive, joining the digital and physical worlds.

How IoT works

An Internet of Things ecosystem consists of web-enabled intelligent devices that use embedded systems, such as sensors, processors, and communication hardware, to collect, send, and act on data they collect from their environments.

Internet of Things devices shares the sensor data they collect by connecting to an Internet of Things gateway or another side device where data is either sent to the cloud to be analyzed or analyzed locally. Sometimes, these devices communicate with other similar devices and act on the information they get from one another.

The devices do most of the work without human interference, although people can interact with the devices — for instance, to set them up, give them instructions or access the data.

The networking, connectivity, and communication rules used with these web-enabled devices mainly depend on the specific Internet of Things applications used.

Internet of Things can also make use of AI and ML to aid in making data handling processes easier and more dynamic.

Even those who have purchased one of the multiple smart home products – from switches, lightbulbs, to motion sensors – will attest to the fact Internet of Things is in its infancy. Products do not always easily connect and there are important security issues that need to be addressed.

A report from Samsung tells the need to secure every connected device by 2020 is “critical”. The firm’s Open Economy document states “there is a clear risk that technology is running ahead of the game”. The firm announced more than 7.3 billion devices will need to be made secure by their manufacturers before 2020.

“We are looking at a future in which companies will indulge in digital Darwinism, using Internet of Things, AI, and machine learning to rapidly evolve in a way we have never seen before,” Brian Solis, from Altimeter Group, who helped on the research told.

Internet of Things botnets, created using a network of out-of-date devices took large sites and services offline in 2016. A Chinese firm later recalled 4.3 million unsecured connected camera devices. The ease of bringing down the internet using Internet of Things devices was revealed when instead of malicious purposes, the botnet was revealed to have been created to game Minecraft.

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