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What does the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act do: The Definite Guide?

Immigration and refugee protection act was passed in the parliament for both of the parties’ benefits. The government will earn a certain amount from the immigrants to influence its economy, and the immigrants will have a sense of safety and earning source by the country.

Now, only accepting their entry is not enough. The government needs to ensure their safety, rights, and punishment for any kind of violation. We will get into the detailed yet primary guide to learn about the activities in this article. So, here it goes.

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act: The Definite Guide

On 28th June 2002, this act was passed in Canada’s parliament to build a detailed framework to set the government’s goals and limitations regarding their immigrants and refugees.

It was highly praised and criticized by the netizens for its failure to set up a refugee appeal division as a part of its immigration system.

What are the immigration and refugee protection act?

This act is administered by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). It is an act that respects and allows immigration in Canada.

It grants the refugees and the immigrants (basically the people who were displaced or in need of political support etc.) their basic rights as a human. It is permitted by the Senate and House of Commons in Canada.

Benefits of Canada on harboring immigrants

Not only it helps the immigrants, but also it increases the economy of the country. That is why they show newcomers new opportunities to settle in that country.

The foreigners ensure citizenship, immigration on work, or student visa or simply issue papers for the traveling purpose. Either way, every way brings money to enrich the economy of Canada.


Apply for a permanent resident card to ensure your citizenship in Canada. To become a citizen of Canada, you need to have some requirements. Such as-

  • You need to have a permanent resident card.
  • In the past 5 years, you need to live at least 3 years or 1095 days prior in the country.
  • If you are required, you have filed the taxes that was issued in your name.
  • You need to pass a citizenship test.
  • Finally, to stay with their citizen, you need to prove that you are skilled at least in English or French.
  • Other requirements may apply under different circumstances.


In December 2012, the IRPA (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act) came into force, and the whole rulebook got into some serious changes. The refugee nominees must have a sponsor within the country to settle there as a refugee.

Detention and removal

Anything illegal happens; the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) will handle the case. There are certain reasons for getting arrested in Canada. They are-

  • Posing any danger to the public
  • Cannot prove their identity or show legal papers for their presence in the state
  • Being absent in a possible hearing or not obeying court orders
  • Part of irregular or illegal arrival at the states
  • Getting involved in illegal business, for example, human trafficking

It does not mean that the legal team will just go around or arrest you. They need to show the proper reason for arrest, which means a legal representation of your case, and also, you have every right to call upon your lawyer after the arrest.

If anything happens against your right, you can always sue the agency for arresting or mistreating you. For example, you are arrested in the state of Edmonton. So, you have every right to call for an immigration lawyer in Edmonton. This is your right.

There are some detentions for practicing illegal manner as an immigrant or refugee. To avoid them, you need to be careful before involving in any issues and always beware of frauds.


The majority of the people in the world migrate to the USA, France, Canada, United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, etc. They all see their migrants as plus points to the economy rather than a burden. But on a country basis, the perspective changes.

According to a survey, immigrants who are young adults and going there for higher studies and work purposes are vastly welcomed. That is why people from all over the world want to migrate to the countries mentioned above for a brighter future. This immigration and refugee act is established to ensure their safety and a better future and ensure the country’s benefit.

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