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Causes and symptoms of dry skin

Dry skin is not usually a serious condition. It occurs in most cases as a result of factors such as hot or cold weather, low humidity in the air, and immersion in hot water.

You can do a lot on your own to improve the condition of your skin, including using moisturizers and avoiding soaps that are highly alkaline or suitable for dry skin. But sometimes dry skin occurs more frequently or is severe. In these cases, you may need help from a skin specialist.

Symptoms of dry skin

Dry skin is often temporary – you can only experience it in winter, for example – but it can also be a chronic condition. Signs and symptoms of dry skin depend on your age, health, where you live, time spent outside, and the cause of the problem. Dry skin is likely to cause one or more of the following symptoms:

  • A feeling of tightening of the skin, especially after washing, bathing or swimming
  • Rough skin texture and appearance
  • Itchy skin (an urgent urge to scratch)
  • Mild or severe peeling
  • Thin lines or incisions
  • Gray leather
  • redness
  • Deep cracks that may bleed

When to visit the doctor?

Most cases of dry skin respond well to lifestyle and home remedies according to the best skin specialist in islamabad. Please refer to the doctor in the following cases:

  • Your skin does not improve despite your best efforts
  • Dry skin accompanied by redness
  • If dryness and itching interfere with sleep well
  • You have open sores or injuries from scratching
  • You have large areas of peeling or flaking of the skin

Dry skin often occurs as a result of an environmental cause. Certain diseases may also affect and significantly affect your skin. Possible causes of dry skin include:

Weather: Skin is more likely to dry out in winter, when the levels of temperature and humidity are low. But the season might not have any effect if you live in desert areas.
the heat. Central heating, wood-burning stoves, space heaters and heaters all reduce humidity and dry out the skin.
Bathing and bathing in hot water :Washing or showering in hot water for an extended period of time can dry out the skin. The same applies to frequent swimming, especially in swimming pools with high chlorine levels.
Soaps and detergents with high alkalinity. The many popular soaps, cleansers and shampoos that draw moisture from your skin have been formulated to remove oils.
Other skin diseases: People with skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) or psoriasis, are at risk of developing dry skin.


Anyone may develop dry skin. You may be more likely to develop the condition if:

  • You are forty years or older. The risk of developing an infection increases with age – more than 50 percent of the elderly develop dry skin.
  • You live in a dry, cold, or low-humidity climate
  • You work at a job that requires you to submerge your skin in water, such as nursing and hairdressing.
  • You swim a lot in pools that contain chlorine.


Dry skin is usually harmless. But when left unattended, dry skin can lead to:

Atopic dermatitis (eczema). If you are prone to developing this condition, excessive dehydration may trigger the disease. This causes redness, cracking and inflammation.
Infections. Dry skin may crack. This allows bacteria to penetrate the skin, causing infection.
These complications are more likely to occur when your skin’s natural protective mechanisms are severely compromised. For example, very dry skin can cause deep cracks or fissures, which may break open and bleed. Allowing the opportunity to invade bacteria.

Try the following tips to keep your skin from becoming excessively dry:

  • Humidifier. Moisturizer that prevents water from leaking in and retaining it.
  • Minimize exposure to water. Keep the washing time 10 minutes or less. Make the advice warm, not hot. Try not to wash more than once a day.
  • It is best not to use solid dry soaps. Try cleansing creams, soothing cleansers, and shower gels, which all contain additional moisturizers.
  • Cover as much of your skin as possible in cold or windy weather. Winter can be especially drying on the skin, so be careful when going out to wear a scarf, hat, and gloves.
  • Wear rubber gloves. If you must immerse your hands in water or use severe detergents, wear gloves; Because it can help you protect your skin.

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